Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world. It is also the smallest continent in the world, with the lowest population density of any major country in the world.
Often the terms Oceania and Australia are confused, whereas Oceania is often mixed with the name of the country or the continent. However, Australia (the country) is the biggest landmass in the region of Oceania as well as the continent of Australia. Oceania compromises many islands and surrounding areas in the Pacific Ocean region.
Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, formally established in 1931. This status and the country’s history as a British colony make its government a commonwealth government. It is considered a developed country with a high quality of life and an HDI of 0.944- one of the highest in the world!
The capital of Australia is Canberra and is the largest inland city. Often mistaken for the capital, Sydney is perhaps the most famous city because of its beautiful landmarks, making it a favorite among tourists. Let’s go through some more interesting information about Australia through graphs and charts.
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Statistics and Graphs
The Population of Australia
The population of Australia has seen a steady increase since the 1960s. It was 10.2 million in the 1960s, and currently, it is approximately 25.8 Million. It is projected to further increase at the same rate and reach 38.9 million in 2080.
Australia is very sparsely populated, and its population increase is relatively slower than other developed countries. One reason is the habitat and climate in most parts of the country, which leaves it uninhabitable. The temperatures can get extremely hot, and it has a large desert area encompassing most of the land.
Australia’s slow increase in population can be due to social trends such as high female education and a large number of working women.
Australia’s Urban Versus Rural Population
The ratio of Australia’s urban to rural population has remained relatively stable from 2010 to 2016. However, a slight increase in the urban population can be observed on the bar graph. The urban population was 85.18% in 2010, and it increased to 85.80% in 2016. The increase is mostly due to people wanting to move to more urbanized cities like Melbourne and Sydney, searching for more job opportunities and a better standard of living.
Australia’s Working Conditions and Wages
The term Gross income means a sum of an individual’s or household’s total earnings, including all wages, salaries, profits, interest payments, and other sources of income.
Equalized Disposable Income is the total income of a household per number of household members. It is calculated after tax and other deductions and divided by the number of household members. Australia has a high Gross Income and Equalized Disposable Income (EDI) compared to many other countries. The highest Gross Income and EDI are seen in the Northern territory, with it being $3132 and $1321 respectively.
Australia Exports (in AUD Billions)
Australia Imports (in AUD Billions)
Australia is the 13th largest economy in the world, with an overall GDP of 1.331 trillion US dollars in 2020. Australia’s GDP has seen an overall increase since 2000, rising from $415.22 billion to $1.331 trillion in 2020.
Australia’s economy saw a steep decline in 2016. However, it was able to make a quick recovery, rising to nearly the same level as before in 2018. Bush fires, which are frequent in Australia, and Corona Virus were the reasons for the decline of GDP in 2020.
Male/Female share of the population of Australia (2018)
The greatest difference between the male to female ratio is between 5-9 years, with 7.50 being the percentage for boys and 6.20% for girls. Though the difference is great in the early years in life, it decreases in adults and continues to see a decrease till 55-59 years, where the difference between the percentages is the least, 6.3% for males and 6.2% for females.
Interestingly from 20 to 54 years, the number of females is greater, which we didn’t see in the earlier age ranges.
Major Religions in Australia
Christianity is the major religion in Australia, with 52.14% of people identifying as Christians. Like many developed countries, religiosity in Australia is relatively less, with 29.63% of people not practicing any religion at all and 0.46% having secular beliefs. Australia has many aboriginal folk religions practiced by the native population that lives there. Other than that, Hinduism, Islam, and Buddhism are also widely practiced by Australians.
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