Exploring the Great Barrier Reef

aerial view of the Great Barrier Reef

Background Coral reefs are known to be large underwater structures that are made of skeletons of colonial marine invertebrates referred to as corals. The coral species that create reefs are called hermatypic or “hard” corals. These corals extract calcium carbonate from seawater to make a hard, durable exoskeleton that protects their soft, …

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Africa By the Numbers

sunset at the Savannah plains in Kenya

Background Next to Asia, Africa is the second-largest continent, both by size and number. It covers about one-fifth of the Earth’s total land surface. On the west, the continent is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian …

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The Moon by the Numbers

full Moon

Earth has only one Moon, a stony, cratered body about a fourth its size that orbits it at a distance of 238,855 miles. The Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth and the closest massive celestial body. It is the brightest celestial body following the Sun and is represented by …

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Texas by the Numbers

texas map and flag

Introduction Also known by its moniker “The Lone Star State,” Texas is the 28th state of the United States of America, located in the south-central region of the US mainland. At 268,596 square miles (695,662 square kilometers), Texas is the second-largest US state after Alaska in terms of land mass. As of …

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Miami by the Numbers

A map showing Miami

Background Miami, or the City of Miami, also called the Vice City, is a metropolis located in southern Florida, United States. [1] It is a coastal metropolis that is made up of 467 936 population, making it the 44th among the largest cities in the U.S. Moreover, the city of Miami is …

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New York by the Numbers

Statue of Liberty and Manhatten

Background [1] New York is a 54,556 square miles state in the United States that is located in the mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions. New York State is bordered on the south by New Jersey and Pennsylvania, on the east by Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont. Moreover, it shares a maritime border with Rhode …

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Antarctica By The Numbers

An image of an igloo

Background Antarctica would likely be the first thing that comes to mind if you think of a freezing place. For the record, it is the driest and coldest among the seven continents in the world. [1] This continent is located in the South pole, with about 5.5 million square miles (14.2 million …

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South Korea by the Numbers

South Korea flag with Map Of Korea Attractions

Perhaps you’ve heard of K-Dramas, K-Pop, Korean films, Korean cuisine, or Korea itself. South Korea (officially the Republic of Korea) has become increasingly popular over time, and with good reason. The East Asian country has evolved from an agrarian society to a global industrial leader during the previous several decades. Science and …

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The Earth’s Mountains By the Numbers

Standing woman on the hill against mountain valley at bright sunny day

Background tMountains are landscapes, massive slabs of rock that rise from the earth’s surface, including the oceans. They have steep slopes with rounded or sharp ridges and a high point known as a summit or peak.[17] However, there is a lot to learn about mountains that can help you better understand these …

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Thailand in Numbers

The Temple of the Emerald Buddha and Grand Palace

A Brief Introduction to Thailand Thailand, located in Southeastern Asia, draws more visitors than any of its neighboring countries – all the credit goes to its alluring combination of breathtaking natural beauty, renowned hospitality, inspiring temples, amazing food, and ruins of great ancient kingdoms. Its neighboring countries include Malaysia, Burma, Cambodia, and …

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