New York by the Numbers


[1] New York is a 54,556 square miles state in the United States that is located in the mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions. New York State is bordered on the south by New Jersey and Pennsylvania, on the east by Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont. Moreover, it shares a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, and on the north by the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. It shares an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario to the northwest.

It is referred to as New York State to separate it from New York City, which is the state’s largest city. It was one out of the thirteen colonies that went on to establish the United States of America. [2] Interestingly, New York is ranked 27th among the geographically largest states. [3] Moreover, the 2020 report ranked it as the 4th most populous state in the United States. In fact, according to the same report, New York State has a total of twenty million people. [4] Additionally, one of its cities, New York City, has a population of 8,804,190 people. With this number, it has become the home to two-thirds of the state’s total population.

New York City’s 2020 Population by Boroughs

New York City’s 2020 Population by Boroughs

Figure 1: [48] New York City 2020 Population by Boroughs

New York City’s Total Population

New York City's Population

Figure 2: [49] [50] New York City’s Population from 1790 to 2020

[5[6] [7] Aside from being distinguished as the most populous city in the United States, New York City is known as the world’s media, financial, and cultural capital. [8] Interestingly, New York City is also the world’s most economically powerful city. It is the home of the United Nations Headquarters. In addition to Albany, the state’s other four most populated cities are Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse, with Buffalo serving as its capital.

[9] Many famous landmarks can be found in New York, including four of the top ten most visited destinations in the world in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls State Park, and the Grand Central Terminal. Moreover, the Statue of Liberty is also located in New York City.

New York established itself as a global epicenter of innovation and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, and environmental sustainability throughout the twenty-first century. In addition to that, several institutions in New York have been listed among the top 100 universities in the nation and the globe, according to various rankings.


A photo of the Statue of Liberty Island

Native Americans first arrived in New York approximately 5,000 years ago. Many Native American tribes like the Mohawk, Cayuga, Oneida, and Seneca descended from these people thousands of years later.

Consequently, in 1624, New Amsterdam was built by the Dutch on what is now Manhattan Island. It was the first European settlement on the island. When the British acquired control of the area in 1664, the settlement was renamed New York.

However, during the American Revolution in 1776, New York was admitted as a United States colony and then as a state in 1788. One year later, in New York City, which was then the country’s capital, George Washington was declared the first president of the United States of America. The next year, 1790, the capital was relocated to Washington, D.C.

After more than 200 years, on September 11, 2001, hijackers launched two planes into the World Trade Center buildings in New York City. Nearly 3,000 people were killed during the attack.

History of Native Americans and the French-Indian War (1640-1680)

A photo of Native Americans

From the years 1640 to 1680, the Iroquoian tribes fought Algonquian and Siouan tribes as well as each other. [10] The goal was to control more areas for animal trapping, which most Indians first chose to trade with whites. This radically altered the region’s ethnography, and the largest game was driven out before whites thoroughly investigated it. After that, the Iroquois Confederacy welcomed Mascouten, Erie, Chonnonton, Tutelo, Saponi, and Tuscarora refugees. During the French-Indian War, they merged with the Mohawk and took in the last Susquehannock of Pennsylvania after they were devastated.

Most of the other groups blended. However, as time went by, many tribes ceased to exist. Meanwhile, a larger group split off and returned to Ohio after the American Revolution. They then became known as the Mingo Seneca. These included the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Tuscarora tribes. Many pro-British Iroquois migrated to Canada after fighting for both sides during the Revolutionary War. [11] In upstate New York, the Iroquois still live on many reservations.

Meanwhile, the Lenape grew close to William Penn. Upon Penn’s death, his sons seized much of their lands and exiled them to Ohio. The Lenape were relocated to Missouri under the Indian Removal Act, while the Mohicans were relocated to Wisconsin.

The Nanticoke were also transferred from the Delmarva Peninsula to the former Iroquois territories south of Lake Ontario in 1778. They mostly chose to travel into Canada and join the Iroquois, while others joined the Lenape.

The French and Indian War, known as the Seven Years’ War, began in 1754 between France and England. The war continued until 1763, with most of the action taking place in New York City. This was because the French were aligned with the Algonquian tribes, but the English were allied with the Iroquois.

American Revolution (1775)

A photo of the American flag

[12] As soon as the thirteen colonies made the decision to rebel against Britain and declare their independence, New York was smack dab in the heart of the action. Earlier in the decade leading up to the conflict, the Sons of Liberty were organized in New York City in opposition to the Stamp Act. Then, in 1775, one of the earliest war skirmishes happened when Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys captured Fort Ticonderoga, marking the beginning of the American Revolutionary War.

John Trumbull’s account of the British capitulation during the Battle of Saratoga Battles fought in New York City during the Revolutionary War were among the largest and most significant of the war. The Battle of Long Island was the most significant engagement of the war. It took place in 1776 and resulted in the British defeating the Continental Army and capturing possession of New York City due to their victory. [13]

The Battle of Saratoga, which took place in 1777, was the watershed moment in the conflict. During this sequence of conflicts, General Horatio Gates led the Continental Army to victory, which resulted in the surrendering of the British Army under British General Burgoyne and the establishment of the United States of America.

New York City Becomes the Largest City in America (1790)

An image of old New York

New York City became the largest city in America in 1790. At the time, it was home to more than 33,000 people. However, it would not be long before Philadelphia took the top spot. By 1800, New York City’s population had grown to over 40,000. [39]

New York City Hall Built (1812)

An image of the New York City Hall

Built in 1812, New York City Hall is an example of Greek Revival architecture. It was designed by architect John McComb Jr., who also designed the final version of the Brooklyn Bridge. The building’s design features a central rotunda with four wings around it. On top of each wing is a dome and cupola to represent the power held by that inside.

The building has been home to many important events over the years, including Abraham Lincoln’s funeral procession in 1865 and President Franklin D Roosevelt’s inauguration in 1933. For more than 200 years, New York City Hall has been at the center of government for one of America’s largest cities. [40]

Cholera Pandemic Breaks in New York City (1832)

A colony of cholera bacteria

In 1832, a cholera pandemic broke out in New York City. The disease quickly spread throughout the city, killing roughly a thousand people.

The city government responded to the crisis by closing all of the city’s schools and public gathering places. They also began constructing a series of hospitals to treat those affected by the disease. [41]

Despite the city government’s efforts, the cholera pandemic continued to spread throughout the spring and into the fall.

New York Stock Exchange was Destroyed by the Great Fire (1835)

New York financial district

The Great Fire of 1835 destroyed the New York Stock Exchange building. It was rebuilt by 1837 and remains to this day. The NYSE is now located at 11 Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, not far from where it stood before 1835.

The fire’s impact on the exchange was largely psychological because the traders were undeterred by its destruction. They continued trading outside for several days after the event, even though they had no office space or furniture to work with except what they brought along themselves; additionally, communication lines remained open between Boston (where many New Yorkers had fled) and brokers in Philadelphia (another major trading center), carryied news back and forth as needed. [42]

New York Daily Times Begins Publication (1851)

A stack of newspaper

On September 18, 1851, the New York Daily Times began publication. The paper was founded by Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones, who were both journalists from Connecticut.

The Times was originally published as a morning paper but later switched to an evening publication schedule.

Over the years, the Times has been home to some of the most influential journalists in American history, including Joseph Pulitzer and David Halberstam. [43]

City of Greater New York Created (1898)

An aerial view of New York

In 1898, the City of Greater New York was created. The new city consisted of five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island.

The new city’s purpose was to provide better services for its residents. The City of Greater New York had a population of over 3 million people, making it one of the largest cities in America. [44]

The Federal Reserve Bank of New York was Established (1914)

Giant skyscrapers in Lower Manhattan

The Federal Reserve Bank of New York was established in 1914.

The purpose of the bank is to regulate the supply of money and credit, supervise banks, maintain a clearinghouse for financial transactions, and provide financial services for US Treasury operations. It’s located on Liberty Street in Manhattan at 33 Liberty Street. The building itself has been designated a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service since 1977. [45]

The Empire State Building was Built (1931)

The Empire State Building

In 1931, the Empire State Building was completed. It was designed by William F. Lamb, and it was the tallest building in the world at the time of its construction.

The Empire State Building remained the tallest building in the world until 1973, when it was surpassed by the World Trade Center. [46]

World Trade Center Towers Were Built (1973)

A vintage photo of the Twin Towers

In 1973, the Twin Towers were completed and became the tallest buildings in the world. The World Trade Center consisted of seven buildings altogether, including four office towers (the Twin Towers, two buildings each), a shopping mall, and an underground car park.

The North Tower was occupied by commercial offices on eight floors; it is now owned by Verizon Communications Inc., which has its regional headquarters there. The South Tower had no permanent tenants after 1998 but was used as a filming location for several films, including “Men in Black.” It housed one of the most popular tourist attractions in New York City: One World Observatory at the 8th-floor level. The observation deck provided guests with 360-degree views of Manhattan’s skyline. It also featured an interactive exhibition that included a model of Lower Manhattan and a history of the events that occurred on September 11, 2001. [47]

The 9/11 Incident (2001)

Photo of American flags in Freedom Park

Two hijacked jets flew into the Twin Skyscrapers of the old World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan on September 11, 2001. The towers fell, and the World Trade Center was also destroyed by fires, which caused it to fall. The remaining buildings in the World Trade Center complex were damaged beyond repair and demolished as a result of the disaster shortly afterward. The collapse of the Twin Towers caused widespread devastation and resulted in the deaths of 2,753 people, including 147 people on board the two planes that crashed into them. [14] Over the years, more than 7,000 rescue workers and people of the area have contracted various life-threatening infections, with some succumbing to their injuries.

On September 11, 2011, the National September 11 Memorial & Museum, a memorial built on the site, was then dedicated to the victims of the attacks. In 2014, the site was transformed into a permanent museum, which opened on March 21, 2014. [15] The building was designed to represent the year America achieved its independence in 1776.

New York City Statehood

New York was one of the thirteen colonies formed by the early settlers, and it remained so until the beginning of the American Revolution in the year 1776. On April 12, 1777, more than a hundred and fifty persons claimed to be delegates of the New York colony and established a constitution. However, there does not appear to be any evidence that these men were actually elected by the colonists to serve as their representatives.

For more than a century, New York was considered a British colony. The colony declared its independence on July 9, 1776, and became one of the initial thirteen states to join the Union. The following year, on April 20, 1777, the state of New York enacted its first constitution. On July 26, 1788, New York became the eleventh state to formally enter the Union. The state’s constitution was drafted in 1821 by the affluent and powerful citizens of the state. On the other hand, it did not go into effect until the year 1822.

Moreover, New York City covers a large land area with a total of 472.43 square miles. [51]

New York City Total Area

The Statue of Liberty over the New York cityscape

The Manhattan Bridge

The American Flag

The People & Cultures in New York State

New York State Population

People crossing a busy street

[1] New York, which was the most populous state in the United States for more than a century and a half, from the 1810s to 1962, is now the fourth most populated state in the country, behind California, Florida, and Texas.

Although the New York City metropolitan region and Saratoga County have had population growth in recent years, places such as Buffalo and Rochester have seen population declines for decades. [2] Between April 2010 and July 2018, New York Metropolis gained more residents (approx. 223,615) than any other city in the United States. In contrast, population growth in much of Western New York, except for the Ithaca area, has been static in recent years.

A look at the state’s immigration statistics reveals that it is the leading recipient of migrants worldwide. According to the United Nations, New York had the second-largest international immigrant population of any state in the country in 2008, with 4.2 million people. Most of them live in and around New York City due to its size, high profile, thriving economy, and cosmopolitan culture. [3] The city of New York has enacted legislation in support of sanctuary cities.

[4] Moreover, according to the United States Census Bureau’s 2020 census, the population of New York was 20,215,751 in April 2020, representing a 4.3% growth since the 2010 census. [5] Despite the availability of open space in the state, New York’s population is highly concentrated in urban areas, with 92% of residents living in urban areas, the majority of whom are concentrated in the New York City metropolitan region.

The New York City metropolitan area is home to more than two-thirds of the state’s total population. [6] As of 2017, New York City has an estimated record high population of 8,622,698, reflecting greater immigration into the metropolis than emigration since the 2010 United States census.

[7] Geographically coextensive with New York County, the borough of Manhattan’s population density of 72,918 inhabitants per square mile in 2017 is the highest of any county in the United States and higher than the population density of any individual American city. New York’s boroughs of Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Queens, which rank second through fourth in terms of population density, are also the country’s densest counties.

  • In 2020, the population of New York City’s metropolitan region was 18,804,000, representing a 0.01 percent decrease from the previous year.
  • The population of New York City’s metropolitan region was 18,805,000 in 2019, representing a 0.07 percent decrease from the previous year.
  • The population of New York City’s metropolitan region was 18,819,000 in 2018, representing a 0.3 percent growth over the previous year.

New York State’s Racial Composition

Photo of girls walking

According to the report of the U.S. Census Bureau, New York State’s race and ethnicity are composed of 61.6% non-Hispanic whites, 12.4% Blacks or African Americans, 18.7% Hispanics or Latin Americans, 6% Asians, 1.1% American Indians or Alaska Natives, 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 8.4% from some other race.

Below is the chart for the year 2020 report:

new york city -Racial Composition

Figure 1: [9] New York State’s 2020 Racial Composition.

Culture in New York

young people listening to a street musician outdoors

[10] New York’s Baruch College has referred to New York City as the “culture capital of the globe.” [11] In fact, the National Library of Australia featured a series of essays titled New York, Culture Capital of the World, 1940–1965, which has also been published and is currently on display. [12] Aside from that, New York is described by author Tom Wolfe as a place where “Culture seems to be in the air like it’s part of the weather.”

Furthermore, numerous great American cultural movements had their start in this city. [13] For example, the Harlem Renaissance, which helped to establish the African-American literary canon in the United States, was born in New York. In the early twentieth century, the city became the hub of stand-up comedy. [14] Meanwhile, New York has also been the center of jazz in the 1950s, in the 1970s, the center of abstract expressionism, and in the 1970s, the center of hip hop. During the 1970s and 1980s, the city’s punk and hardcore scenes were highly influential. In the field of Jewish American literature, New York has long been a thriving center of activity. The city is also frequently used as a location for novels, films, and television shows.

Aside from that, New York Fashion Week is one of the most influential fashion events in the world, and it receives a great deal of publicity in the media. [15] On the Global Language Monitor’s yearly list of the world’s fashion capitals, New York has also been frequently named as one of the world’s most fashionable cities.

List of Religions and Beliefs in New York

Woman praying

[16] New York’s religious population is predominantly Christian (60%), with the irreligious (27%), Judaism (7%), Islam (2%), Buddhism (1%) and Hinduism (1%), and other faiths making up the remainder of the population (0.5%). [17] The religious life of New York was dominated by Protestant sects before the 1800s, although religion did not play as significant a role in the public life of New Netherland as it did in New England, which had a substantial Puritan population. New York was historically known for serving as the birthplace of new Christian groups during the Second Great Awakening period. For much of the state’s existence, non-Western Christian traditions and non-Christian religions did not flourish. This was because immigration was primarily from Western Europe. During the time of its founding, quotas were eliminated by the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. The act then allowed other religious organizations to flourish and expand their numbers.

Moreover, the Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian denomination in New York with about 31%, with the Latin Church’s Archdiocese of New York as the largest Roman Catholic diocese. Meanwhile, the Ruthenian Catholic Eparchy of Passaic of the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church has the distinction of being the largest Eastern Catholic diocese. The United Methodist Church is the largest Protestant denomination in the United States, and the second-largest overall is the Episcopal Church in the United States and other Continuing Anglican bodies. The Presbyterian Church (United States of America), the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, and the American Baptist Churches of the United States of America were the three major Mainline denominations.

As of 2014, mainline Protestants accounted for 11% of the Christians in the state of California. Baptists, non-denominational Protestants, and Pentecostals were the major groupings in Evangelical Protestantism. Historic black Protestant churches in New York were dominated by two denominations: the National Baptist Convention (USA) and the Progressive National Baptist Convention (PNC). Evangelical Protestants account for around 10% of the Christian population in New York. Also, a total of 1% of the religious demography was made up of Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Christians, who were joined by Jehovah’s Witnesses and other Christians to form the religious demographic.

[18] Furthermore, 12% of the religious population adhered to religions other than Christian faiths. As of 2014, Judaism is the second most popular religion. Orthodox Judaism was practiced by 588,500 people in 2010. [19] Islam was practiced by a little more than 392,953 people. The Powers Street Mosque, located in New York City, served as the state’s first Muslim organization. In addition to that, the city of New York is home to the oldest Zoroastrian fire temple in the United States, which dates back to the 16th century. New Age and contemporary paganism are practiced by less than 1% of the population of New York. Native American religions make up a significant portion of the population as well.

Moreover, the irreligious are becoming a more visible presence in the greater New York City metropolitan area. Statewide, 17% of the population practices nothing in particular, with 5% of the population identifying as atheists and agnostic.

Religious Denominations in New York City

Religious Denominations in New York City

 Figure 4: [52] [53] 2014 Religious Landscape Study

The Unemployed and Unemployment Status of New York State

A man holding a business suitcase

[20] According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ CPS or current population survey, the unemployment rate in New York declined by 0.3% points to 7.1% in September 2021. The unemployment rate in New York peaked at 16.2% in April 2020 and is presently 9.1% points lower than it was then.

With 1,435,688 people out of work in April 2020, the number of unemployed New Yorkers hit a new high. Also, the number of unemployed people in the state has decreased by 772,158 since the beginning of the recession.

The Economic Status of New York State

Economic data on a screen

[22] The state of New York’s economy is reflected in its gross state product, which reached about $US1.7 trillion in 2019, placing it third in terms of size after the larger states of California and Texas.

New York City - Real GDP

Figure 3: [23] Graph of Real GDP in New York

Over the five-year period ending in 2019, the New York economy increased in real terms by 14.75 percent, representing a compound annual growth rate of 2.79 percent each year over the period. The real Gross Domestic Product or GDP of New York reached $1,772.261 billion in 2019, the highest figure ever recorded.

The economy of New York State is dominated by the city of New York and the surrounding New York metropolitan area. Manhattan is the most important financial, banking, and communication center in the United States. It is also the site of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), which is located on Wall Street. Moreover, numerous global firms have their headquarters in Manhattan or in neighboring Westchester County. As of 2015, Manhattan’s office market was over 500 million square feet or 46.5 million m2, making it the largest office market in the United States. [24] Meanwhile, Midtown Manhattan, with nearly 400 million square feet or 37.2 million m2 of office space in 2015, is the largest central business district in the world.

The state also has a significant manufacturing industry, which includes printing and publishing, as well as the production of clothes, furs, railroad rolling stock, and bus line vehicles, to name a few examples. Others, such as ceramics and glass, microchips and nanotechnology, and photographic equipment, are also concentrated in upstate areas. Dairy products, cattle, and other livestock, vegetables, nursery stock, and apples are among the agricultural items produced in New York State.

List Of Tourist Spot In New York

Photo of Niagara Falls

New York City is undeniably fascinating and has much more to offer than just the city. Beautiful lakes, lovely college towns upstate, and even world-renowned waterfalls are all within a short drive of New York City’s five boroughs. Take a look at the greatest spots to visit in the state of New York.

1. New York City

New York City, sometimes known as the Big Apple, is unquestionably one of the most important cities in the world. Because of its diversity, there is an unlimited number of attractions to discover in this city. Manhattan is the domain of most of the city’s most famous landmarks.

2. Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls, also known as the “Honeymoon Capital of the World,” is a romantic vacation location. Nonetheless, this wonderful natural site is still interesting to people of all types and backgrounds. Niagara Falls is located on the United States-Canadian border. Observers can get a good view of the falls from either side of the international boundary.

Even though views from Canada are considered to be the most impressive, visitors from the United States are positioned the closest to the roaring waves, and there is the option to take a boat ride at their disposal. If you have the opportunity, you can visit the Cave of the Winds, where an elevator will transport you down to the base of the Bridal Veils Falls, putting you right in the middle of the action!

3. Fire Island

Fire Island is a barrier island that lies just off the coast of Long Island. The Fire Island National Seashore, a historic whaling station that is now a popular beach getaway location, encompasses a large portion of the island.

Beaches and outdoor activities combine to create an excellent destination in New York State. However, remember that Fire Island is seasonal, and many attractions close their doors during winter.

4. The Hudson River Valley

The Hudson River Valley, as its name suggests, stretches along the Hudson River from Troy and Albany in northern Westchester County. A large portion of this area is agricultural, with rural views and a bucolic landscape to enjoy. Because of the abundance of farms in the Hudson River Valley, it can be a foodie’s paradise.

Organic farms, small-batch wineries, and artisan cheesemakers flourish in the region, and farmer’s markets are a regular fixture at events throughout the year. Many New York City chefs choose to relocate to the Hudson River Valley to create farm-to-table restaurants, so you won’t have to travel far to find a fantastic restaurant in beautiful rural surroundings.

5. Catskill

The Catskill Mountains are located within an hour’s drive north of New York City. This area provides a wonderful contrast to city life, which is one of the reasons it is so popular among city inhabitants who are looking for a natural escape. The Catskill Forest Preserve can be found in the Catskill Mountains. This Preserve is home to a plethora of animals, hiking paths, and chances for winter sports enthusiasts.

If you’re looking for culture, the Hudson River School Art Trail, which includes stops at notable monuments and landscapes created by local artists, is a good place to start your search. Woodstock, New York, is perhaps the most well-known town in the Catskills, having served as the setting for the legendary Woodstock music festival.


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