Interesting Facts about Bugs

If you thought we’ve conquered the whole planet and there’s nothing left to discover, we’ve made a list of some fun and interesting facts about Bugs that will prove you wrong. I’m sure you already know about mosquitoes spreading Malaria and why some flies won’t land on nylon sheets. But did you know that there are more bugs than the human population? Read on for more interesting facts.

1. The Oldest Bug on the Planet is saved in the form of a Fossil 

The Oldest Bug on the Planet is saved in the form of a Fossil

The oldest bug known to humans is not alive, yet, its fossil is preserved safely. This bug is a 425-million years old millipede discovered on the island of Kerrera in Scotland. This oldest bug is older than any insect, creepy-crawly, or arachnid found by humans. [1]

2. Harvester Ant is the Most Venomous Bug of All

Harvester Ant is the Most Venomous Bug of All

If you think that the size of the bug determines the lethality of its venom, you could not be more wrong. The most venomous bug in the world is not some large-sized bug with giant tentacles on a frightening mouth. In fact, it is instead a type of ant called harvester ant or Pgonomyrmex Maricopa. It belongs to the rare kind of ants that sting. These ants are up to five to seven millimeters in length and live in arid chaparral habitats. 

Harvester ants are primarily found in the Southwestern regions of the US. [2]

3. Land Lobsters Are the Rarest Insects Worldwide

Land Lobsters Are the Rarest Insects Worldwide

The rarest insect known to humankind is the land lobster. It belongs to the family of grasshoppers and crickets. The land lobsters were quite prominent in numbers around their native island, Lord Howe Island, and could be found everywhere.

However, they are now extinct as a significant part of their population was destroyed in 1918. A big steamship was stuck at the island shore in 1918, and the rats on the ship escaped and attacked the land lobsters. Since then, the species of this rarest insect has been endangered. [3]

4. Bugs Outnumber the Population of Humans on The Planet

Bugs Outnumber the Population of Humans on The Planet

Have you ever wondered how big this population of tiny insects or creepy-crawly is? Let us state it in the easiest ways to understand. There are about 200 million bugs for every human living on this planet! It is only an estimate, and the actual numbers could be higher, as there might be numerous other species humans have not discovered yet. 

Another frame of reference to understand how the population of bugs outclasses humans is that there are approximately 300 pounds of bugs for every pound of human! [4]

5. Insects are Delicacies in Some Countries, Such As Mexico

Insects are Delicacies in Some Countries, Such As Mexico

Insects are also delectable delicacies in some countries, including Japan, China, Hong Kong, Mexico, etc. In Mexico, for instance, ant eggs are consumed as delicacies in butter. They also consume locusts covered in chocolate and worm candies. 

A popular alcoholic drink in Mexico is called Oaxaca, which is sold under the name of mezcal. It contains worms in it and is quite popular in the country. 

6. Insects Breathe Through Their Bodies

Insects Breathe Through Their Bodies

Insects do not have lungs or breathe in air through their nose or mouth. Instead, they have a bunch of network tubes called trachea running throughout their exoskeleton. Their bodies have small openings in the thorax and abdomen through which the air exchange occurs via diffusion. These tiny little openings on the exoskeleton running along the stomach are called spiracles. [5]

7. The Strongest Insect is the Dung Beetle

The Strongest Insect is the Dung Beetle

While ants are well-known for carrying heavy weights and managing to do quite laborious work, they are not the strongest among all insects. Instead, the dung beetle is known to have an astonishing ability for carrying weight as heavy as 1,141 times its body weight. 

8. Houseflies Have Extremely Sensitive Feet

Houseflies Have Extremely Sensitive Feet

Another interesting fact about bugs is related to the sensitivity of the feet. Common houseflies have extremely sensitive feet as they can easily detect something sweet anywhere. Scientific assertions declare that the feet of the houseflies are about 10 million times more sensitive than a human tongue. 

9. Adult Ticks Can Grow Up To the Size of Marble if Not Killed

Adult Ticks Can Grow Up To the Size of Marble if Not Killed

Typically, the life cycle of ticks comprises three main stages, similar to most insects – larva, nymph, and adult. The size of the ticks varies at every step, and an adult tick can grow up to the size of an apple seed or a small marble if it is not killed. 

The largest tick known to humanity is the American dog tick, also called Dermacentor variabilis. It is usually found in the eastern states of the US and often in some parts of the west coast. [6] 

10. Dragonflies Were Also Present in the Dinosaur Era

Dragonflies Were Also Present in the Dinosaur Era

Humans have been around this planet for roughly about 300,000 years. However, several insects, such as dragonflies, have been alive for more than that. It is estimated that dragonflies inhabited this planet for approximately 300 million years, making them older than the initial dinosaur era. 

11. About 3,000 Cocoons Make One Pound of Silk About 3,000 Cocoons Make One Pound of Silk

If worms are properly coddled, they can spin cocoons for a long time; and a single cocoon yields one strand of silk measuring up to several thousand feet. About 2,000 to 3,000 cocoons eventually end up producing one pound of silk. [7] 

12. Bees Can Travel a Lot in One Day Bees Can Travel a Lot in One Day

Every day, we witness many bees swarming across from one place to another. Interestingly, bees can cover very long distances while flying every day. They can fly up to about 60 miles every day.

13. Honey is Not Easily Made in Just a Few Hundred Trips Honey is Not Easily Made in Just a Few Hundred Trips

Honeybees have to make numerous trips from the hive to the flowers to produce honey. Usually, the working bees have to make the trips and feed the larvae. It is estimated that bees have to make about 10 million rounds to and fro the hive and flower to produce one pound of honey. 

In a single flight from the hive to the flowers, a honeybee visits 50 to 100 flowers to collect nectar for honey. 

14. Some Bugs Can Easily Survive Winter Some Bugs Can Easily Survive Winter

Not all bugs live in warm environments. Some winter bugs have a mechanism to manage cold by replacing water in their bodies with glycerol. Glycerol is a chemical that helps protect their bodies from cold weather by acting as an anti-freeze. 

15. You Might Mistake a Brazilian Hawkmoth Caterpillar with a Snake You Might Mistake a Brazilian Hawkmoth Caterpillar with a Snake

Brazilian HawkMoth is a green morph caterpillar that has a unique defense mechanism. This HawkMoth can quickly transform itself into a pit viper when startled or attacked. It puffs out their rear bodies resulting in the surfacing of their yellow, white, and black spots. 

With its faux reptilian scales and eyespots, it indeed appears as a serpentine creature to ward off its predators. [8] 

16. Bugs Are Also Carnivorous Bugs Are Also Carnivorous

About 33% of the discovered bugs are carnivorous – eating some form of meat. However, most carnivorous insects hunt prey instead of consuming carcasses or dung. Other than these insects, most bugs are herbivorous – with the caterpillar being the most famous one to consume large amounts of leaves. [9]

17. Ladybugs Feast on About 5,000 Bugs in Their Lifetime Ladybugs Feast on About 5,000 Bugs in Their Lifetime

Ladybugs are generally well-known for their bright colors and otherwise harmless nature. However, farmers love having ladybugs on their farms as these bugs feast on other bugs, such as aphids. An average ladybug consumes about 5,000 insects in its lifetime. [10]

18. A Single Colony of Honeybees Can Produce About 220 Pounds of Honey A Single Colony of Honeybees Can Produce About 220 Pounds of Honey

During spring, one colony of honeybees has about 10,000 to 15,000 bees. This colony comprises the queen bee, the worker bees, and the drone bees. About 556 worker bees strive to gather a pound of honey. 

One such colony of honeybees can produce more than 220 pounds of honey every year. [11] 

19. An Assassin Bug Piles up the Carcasses of Ants it has consumed on Its Body to Ward off the Predators An Assassin Bug Piles up the Carcasses of Ants it has consumed on Its Body to Ward off the Predators

As assassin bug, also called Acanthaspis petax, has a unique mechanism to ward off its predators. It stacks all the dead bodies of ants it has consumed on its body to confuse the predators.

20. The Red Postman Butterfly Develops Poison in Its Body by Eating Toxic Plants The Red Postman Butterfly Develops Poison in Its Body by Eating Toxic Plants

The red postman butterfly draws its name from its distinctive routine behavior of visiting the same flowers every day via taking the same route. It is said that the red postman butterfly does not have poison producing system in its body. Instead, poison develops in its body as it feeds on the toxic plants. 

It grows up to half an inch in size in its adult life and has a distinctive white mark on the body accompanied by black spots and long spines. It is a solitary insect that does not mate and might only live in small groups of 2 to 3. 

Conclusion

Bugs are very common in all parts of the world, and we encounter them every now and then. They’re often hard to get rid of as a result of their superior survival instincts, and this is not even mentioning how quickly they breed after hatching.

References 

  1. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/05/200528115831.htm 
  2. https://www.thoughtco.com/worlds-most-venomous-insect-607903 
  3. https://illuminatingfacts.com/there-are-bugs-everywhere/#Interesting_Bug_Facts 
  4. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/27/magazine/insect-apocalypse.html 
  5. https://crops.extension.iastate.edu/blog/erin-hodgson/can-insects-breathe-water 
  6. https://www.tickipedia.org/popular-tick-species/ 
  7. https://depts.washington.edu/chinaciv/clothing/tsericu.htm 
  8. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/hawk-moth-caterpillar-snake-untamed-spd 
  9. https://a-z-animals.com/blog/what-do-insects-eat/ 
  10. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/facts/ladybug 
  11. https://honeycouncil.ca/industry-overview/bee-facts/