Charting the Rise and Fall of Major Civilizations

temple from the ancient Egyptian civilization

Background The meaning of civilization has changed numerous times during its history. In fact, even today, it is used in several ways. In general, the term civilization is used to define human cultures with a high level of social and technological development as opposed to what many people consider to be less … Read more

Explosion of the Written Word

A book on a table in a library

Background Have you ever wondered how and where the written word was invented? It is a thought that strikes the mind of many. According to Dr. Mehrabian, writing represents at least 7% of human communication and we are surrounded by a world of words. As such, it is only fair that we … Read more

The American Presidency by the Numbers

the seal of the president of the United States

Background In many countries that have parliamentary forms of government, the office of the president or head of state is mainly ceremonial. But it is different in the United States as the president is bestowed with great authority and is perhaps the most powerful elected official in the world. The Founding Fathers … Read more

The Ancient Greeks By the Numbers

the Acropolis Hill, Parthenon, Athens, Greece

Background Ancient Greece was a civilization that conquered almost all of the Mediterranean thousands of years ago. It ruled much of Europe and Western Asia during its peak under Alexander the Great. The Ancient Greeks came before the Romans, and much of the culture of the Romans was influenced by the Greeks. … Read more

Take a Deep Dive Into the Amazing Topic of Human Languages

man and woman showcasing various languages through communication

Background According to linguist John McWhorter, an associate professor of English and comparative literature at Columbia University, language or human language pertains to the grammar and other rules and standards that enable us, humans, to make words and sounds in a manner that other people can understand. Based on the work of … Read more

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Aborigines

an Aboriginal culture show in Australia

Background The first people in Australia are referred to as Aboriginal Australians. They have lived for more than 50,000 years. They can be divided into two groups. One is the Aboriginal peoples, who are related to those who already lived in Australia when Britain started colonizing the island in 1788. The other … Read more

Learn About the Amazing History of the Russian Czars

a wedding of a Russian czar

Background Today, Russia is known to be among the most powerful and influential countries in the world. But did you know that around 400 years ago, the modern nation that we know today did not exist? Instead, lots of Russian territories dotted the landscape during the middle ages. It was a perilous … Read more

The Amazing History and Impact of Chinese Dynasties


The Chinese empire is among the world’s most resilient historical empires. Various dynasties—family groups that governed the empire—rose and fell throughout its long history. A dynasty is a period during which a certain family dominated. [1] Single dynastic families frequently ruled for hundreds of years until being deposed by another great dynasty. … Read more

American Education By The Numbers

Generation Z learners who have access to portable electronic gadgets at an early age

BACKGROUND The American education system remains a source of envy to the rest of the world. With its diversity and excellence, the American education system attracts students and visitors from all corners of the globe. The U.S. education system has also become a model system for the rest of educational development in … Read more