Thailand is a beautiful country and has been a famous tourist spot for several years. No matter whether it’s your honeymoon or a foreign tour, Thailand is one place that most people consider for traveling. With the amazing beaches, Thai food, and friendly social networks, Thailand is definitely a great country to visit. In terms of numbers, such as business and population, Thailand is consistently growing and emerging to be one of the big economies of the world soon. Let’s take a look at Thailand through the following graphs.
Thailand Population by City
As of 2020, Thailand has become home to 69.8 million people. The population of Thailand is not evenly spread as one of the major proportions of it belongs to the capital city, Bangkok. 10 million people are residents of Bangkok while all other cities have a population of fewer than 1.5 million residents. Samut Prakan is home to 1.32 million residents, Mueang Nonthaburi is home to 0.9 million residents, and Chiang Mai is home to 1.18 million residents. Other smaller cities with lesser populations include Udon Thani, Hat Yai, Pak Kret, and Si Racha.
Thailand Urban Population
Thailand is not a completely urban country and a large proportion of the country’s land is rural or used for agricultural purposes. This is one reason why the urban population of Thailand is quite low as compared to the urban population. From trend analysis over the course of 9 years, it was found out that Thailand had a population of 29.4 million citizens in urban settlements in 2010. For the next 9 years, a gradual increase was seen which is why in 2019, the urban settlement has reached 35.294 million people.
Agricultural Land as a Percentage of Thailand’s Land.
The urban-rural differentiation is mainly there because of the large proportion of agricultural land in Thailand. As a matter of fact, instead of reducing this area and creating more developed settlements, factories, and commercial areas, the agricultural land has increased over the past few years. In 2010, agricultural land comprised 41.22% of Thailand’s total area which increased to 42.79% in 2012. In 2014, the agricultural land was 43.28% of Thailand’s total area which has then stayed consistent as of 2018.
GDP Contribution in Thailand by Sector (2020)
While many of you might be thinking that Thailand is an agri-based economy, it is not like that. Despite the high availability of agricultural land, the country has established itself as a manufacturing economy. This is why the manufacturing sector accounts for most of the GDP proportion of the country (3.96%). Secondly, the country is backed by Wholesale and Retail Trade which brings about 2.64% of GDP. Agricultural activities are in the third spot with 1.36% of total GDP. Other important sectors contributing towards the GDP of Thailand in their respective order include Financial Services, Transport and Storage, Education, Accommodation and Food Services, Real Estate Activities, Construction, and Health Services.
GDP Growth Rate of Thailand
As Thailand progresses day by day, we can expect the country to have an increase in its GDP as well in the coming years. Industrialization, as well as the service sector in Thailand, are growing aggressively which indicates that the GDP will also grow. As of 2019, the GDP growth of Thailand was 2.3% and went negative in 2020 at -6.10%. Forecasts suggest that this negative growth is only temporary and by the end of 2022, the GDP growth would be 3.9% which is a very good indicator of a country’s economic growth.
Thailand Exports (In US Billions)
Thailand has several exports which include Machinery, Vehicles, Gems, Rubber, and Plastic products. Several other products are on this list too. Data analysis shows that Thailand has the US as the most contributing country towards exports which accounts for $32.2 billion. Secondly, China provides Thailand with $29.1 billion worth of exports. Japan is also close as it provides $23.8 billion in exports for Thailand. Other countries account for a lesser proportion of exports which includes Hongkong ($11.1 billion), Malaysia ($10.1 billion), and Australia ($10 billion).
Number of International Tourist Arrivals in Thailand
As stated earlier, Thailand is a country that has a growing number of tourists from all over the world. This is not just because of the scenic beauty but also because of the cultural aspects of the country. As a matter of fact, tourism is providing an increased GDP for the country too. The trend shows that in 2015, 29.9 million tourists visited Thailand which kept on increasing up until 2019 when the figure reached 39.18 million tourists. By 2020, there was a major fallback in the number of tourists as only 6.7 million tourists visited Thailand. However, this fallback was short and temporary, as future forecasts show that Thailand is going to regain the high number of tourist arrivals.
Demographics and Ethnic Groups of Thailand
Thailand is home to multiple nations, although it is not as diverse as other countries of the world. Most people residing within Thailand are Thai including Laos. They make up 75% of the entire population of the country. A large number of Chinese people also live in Thailand and they make up about 8% of the total population. 3% of Malay live in Thailand. All the other ethnicities, as well as cultural groups, are spread and account for 14% of the total population of Thailand.